Update: Fentanyl Killed Prince – Medication Eighty Times Stronger Than Morphine



Learn the serotonin connection in his death …. The toxicology released today on Prince shows he died of an overdose of the serotonergic pain killer Fentanyl. These drugs will often shut down the lungs as the serotonin constricts the broncial tubes. When it is eighty times stronger than morphine you have to ask what it is doing on the market! Now keep in mind that when they say he overdosed that does not necessarily mean he did that on purpose because the drug can accumulate in the system and the serotonin levels continuing to increase the longer he was on the drug can cause death via the elevated serotonin condition known as Serotonin Syndrome.

Elevated serotonin produces many of the symptoms Prince had been experiencing many of which could be called flu symptoms. Here is a list from several various sources: migraines, hot flashes, pains around the heart, difficulty breathing, a worsening of bronchial complaints, tension and anxiety which appear from out of nowhere, depression, suicide – especially very violent suicide, hostility, violent crime, arson, substance abuse, psychosis, mania, organic brain disease, autism, anorexia, reckless driving, Alzheimer’s, impulsive behavior with no concern for punishment, argumentative behavior, agitation or restlessness, dilated pupils, changes in blood pressure, nausea and/or vomiting,
diarrhea, rapid heart rate, tremor, loss of muscle coordination or twitching muscles, shivering and goose bumps, and seizures. And here is another list of symptoms:

  • Confusion: A serious symptom that may emerge is that of mental confusion. The person may struggle with memories, conversation, and may appear to be acting drugged or downright goofy. This increased mental confusion may make it difficult for the person to perform even menial cognitive tasks.
  • Death: The reason you need to seek immediate medical help if you suspect high serotonin is to avoid death. In some cases, high levels of serotonin are fatal and could end a person’s life. Always go into the doctor or emergency room if you have taken multiple serotonergic drugs as a combination.
  • Diarrhea: Some people develop severe bouts of diarrhea from serotonin toxicity. This is a neurotransmitter that is found in the GI tract and may be involved in digestive processes. Too much serotonin disrupts the GI tract and can result in us feeling sick with diarrhea.
  • Fever/Heavy Sweating: It is common to experience changes in body temperature as a result of serotonin syndrome. You may feel physically chilled and experience body shivers, but you may simultaneously be running a fever. If you have a fever, this is a sign that your body isn’t able to handle the serotonin increase.
  • Irregular heartbeat: It was already mentioned that you may experience an increased heart rate, but you may also experience an irregular heartbeat – which is problematic. An irregular heartbeat may put excess strain on your heart functioning. This is a sign that you need to be medically evaluated.
  • Loss of balance: If you feel as if you cannot properly walk or maintain balance, this is another sign of too much serotonin. There is often significant interference in our coordination when we have high levels of serotonin in the brain.
  • Muscle twitching: Your muscles may twitch excessively as a result of serotonin elevations. If you notice that certain parts of your body start to twitch, realize that it’s probably a result of serotonin toxicity.
    Seizures: In extreme cases, some people respond to serotonin increases by having seizures. To prevent a seizure, it is recommended to do whatever you can to lower your serotonin as quickly and as efficiently as possible.
  • Unconsciousness: Some people may end up fainting or becoming unconscious if serotonin levels rise too high. If you feel faint or as if you may pass out, it’s best to get into the emergency room as soon as possible.
  • Vomiting: Some people end up feeling so nauseous with flu-like symptoms that they end up vomiting. While vomiting may be good in that it could clear some serotonin-based drugs from the system, this is a sign that a person needs immediate medical intervention
  • Weakness
  • The warning is that if you experience any of these symptoms, you or someone with you should seek medical attention immediately. Unfortunately with all the misinformation about how dangerous it is to increase serotonin levels too few doctors are even familiar with these symptoms being connected to Serotonin Syndrome. Obviously they missed many of these symptoms in Prince.



One of the first cases of chemically induced psychosis was produced by two serotonergic medications prescribed by Sigmund Freud. Unless you have read my book Prozac: Panacea or Pandora? Our Serotonin Nightmare, you are likely unaware that Freud was a cocaine addict (Now you know where the “Father of Psychiatry” got all of his insane ideas!) Thrilled with the discovery of cocaine and addicted to it himself, Freud regularly prescribed the drug to the majority of his patients. When he tried to get a friend who was hooked on morphine, off of that drug by putting him on cocaine he quickly became one of the first recorded cases of cocaine-induced psychosis. Considering that both cocaine and morphine are serotonergic drugs I would imagine that the psychosis was more a combined effect of the two drugs since the two major types of psychosis both schizophrenia and mania/Bipolar are conditions of elevated serotonin.

If you have read my book you will also recall the case of a neighbor I mentioned who took Prozac for two years and when he quit cold turkey became so manic that he thought he was an ambassador to the Queen of England for five months. I think the mayor of Los Angeles is still upset that he never got the funds promised to him during that manic state! 🙂

Several years after recovering from that manic episode after realizing what had caused it and watching his diet closely he began to smoke again and eat junk food. Once again finding himself beginning to suffer depression a well meaning friend talked him into trying Effexor. After all it is spelled differently so maybe it will work differently? NOT! Once the metabolism of serotonin is impaired by an antidepressant taking any other drug that increases serotonin can be a serious problem. About the only real difference in the Effexor, he quickly learned, was that it was even stronger. ONE PILL of Effexor was all it took for him to go into a six month manic episode this time!

He became a Scotish Crown Prince overnight and walked the neighborhood in a Scottish kilt with a sword on his side and held business meetings on my roof as he had been roof as he had been renting a room from me. (Luckily for him there were not so many officers on these drugs at that point so he did not get shot for walking around like that.) As the mania went on it became apparent that he was going to have a heart attack if his glandular system did not slow down. So we decided to try to get Noni juice down him to balance his sugar levels, stop the seizure activity and therefore stop the manic episode. The Noni worked rapidly! He began sleeping again that first night and within two weeks he was normal again. Unfortunately he did not get the Noni before he appeared on a local TV station to pledge matching donations for their Three Tenor program they were having as a fund raiser! Of course the money for that was coming to him as soon as he was to be officially crowned at my home with the invited guests being all of the Utah government leaders and leaders of the LDS Church. And he personally invited Randall Carlisle, a TV reporter for channel 4 news in Salt Lake City. (Luckily for me none of them showed up at my front door for his coronation!!!)

Now that you have that background, this is where the Fentanyl comes in and one of the many reasons I warn to never use antidepressants and pain killers together. Several years after the last manic episode I got a call from friends who were renting my home while I was living out of state. They called to let me know that they were sure this same friend was having yet another manic episode. They were renting the upstairs and he was still in the downstairs apartment. They were right. When I spoke with him I learned he had been given Flexeril, another serotonergic pain killer similar to Fentanyl, for the fibromyalgia pains he had gotten from using Prozac for two years! Not given in a hospital setting where there could be monitoring as this report says should be the case with the administration of Fentanyl. Just as with Prince. He was not given this drug in a hospital setting only. He was out on his own as well. The serotonin toxicity they can produce can be deadly as we have seen with the death of Prince. And as we saw several years ago with the death of Anna Nicole Smith’s young son, Daniel, while he was sitting in a hospital visiting his new baby sister. Daniel too died of this same medication interaction.

But this is why it is so important to not use these pain killers together with antidepressants. And many antidepressants are given as pain killers like Tramadol often is. So be careful if you are taking various pain killers that they are not mixing one of those antidepressants with a drug like flexeril or fentanyl many are given antidepressants as pain killers for fibromyalgia. Cymbalta is another common antidepressant given for pain. Or they are given pain killers after they use antidepressants which produce fibromyalgia! All so ironic since fybromyalgia has long been known as a condition of ELEVATED serotonin! Fibromyalgia is a form  of arthritis and arthritis is listed as a “frequent” side effect of antidepressants. Bottom line is that many patients are mixing these drugs and are not in a safe place at all doing so.


Ann Blake Tracy, Executive Director,

International Coalition for Drug Awareness

drugawareness.org & ssristories.NET

Author: ”Prozac: Panacea or Pandora? – Our Serotonin Nightmare – The Complete Truth of the Full Impact of Antidepressants Upon Us & Our World” & Withdrawal CD “Help! I Can’t Get Off My Antidepressant!”

WITHDRAWAL WARNING: In sharing this information about adverse reactions to antidepressants I always recommend that you also give reference to my CD on safe withdrawal, Help! I Can’t Get Off My Antidepressant!, so that we do not have more people dropping off these drugs too quickly – a move which I have warned from the beginning can be even more dangerous than staying on the drugs!

WITHDRAWAL HELP: You can find the hour and a half long CD on safe and effective withdrawal helps here: http://store.drugawareness.org/ And if you need additional consultations with Ann Blake-Tracy, you can book one at www.drugawareness.org or sign up for one of the memberships in the International Coalition for Drug Awareness which includes free consultations as one of the benefits of that particular membership plan. For only a $30 membership for one month you can even get 30 days of access to the withdrawal CD with tips on rebuilding after the meds, all six of my DVDs, hundreds of radio interviews, lectures, TV interviews I have done over the years PLUS access to my book on antidepressants (500 plus pages) with more information than you will find anywhere else (that is only $5 more than the book alone would cost) at www.drugawareness.org. (Definitely the best option to save outrageous postage charges for those out of the country!)

Angioedema – Bringing Attention to Rare? Blood Disorder?????

Traci before and after


Traci Vaillencourt Before


I thought I would give you a glimpse of what the medical community and the media does to divert attention from antidepressant side effects and also to cover their behinds for lawsuits. This is the headline of the article in today’s paper about the young woman,, Traci Villaincourt, whose pics I posted yesterday along with information about antidepressant-induced angioedema.

Woman involved in Draper shooting brings attention to rare blood disorder

Here is one important statement from the article: “”We would hospitalize patients and often give them narcotics or morphine just to get them through the pain,” Jones said.

“Jones said that often patients become addicted to the pain medication prescribed for the disorder. King said that is what happened to her sister.”

The following is my comment that likely will not be posted:

“I would like to see the evidence that this disorder was “hereditary” [They said her father had it, but of course what I want to know is if her father, living in the state that has LONG had the highest use of antidepressants was on an antidepressant before being diagnosed with this “disorder” as well.] and not medication-induced which appears to be a major cause of the disorder. Do a Google search for “angioedema and antidepressant” and see what your first result is! Antidepressants have long been known to produce this.

“They have been giving pain killers for this “disorder”?!!!

“No wonder I have had so many over the years go from antidepressant addiction into pain killer addiction since this edema is such a common reaction to antidepressant use.

“It is NOT the edema that causes all the other issues you see with this woman – the crime and violence – it is is the effects of the drugs! That is what changes behavior and produces the physical damage you see.

“I posted all this on Facebook yesterday. Go read the comments from those who have similar pics to share in a before and after antidepressant scenario. You will see the same!!!”

If they can get people to believe this is an “inherited” “disorder” then they do not have to admit they caused it with the drugs they have given you – thus they are not liable legally. Which means you cannot sue them for doing this to you! That is all this is about! That and bringing in new customers dealing with the same reaction to their medication so that they can “treat” them for years for this “disorder”.

One of my close friends whose experience with Prozac first peaked my interest in the SSRI antidepressants changes so drastically in her appearance that I passed her on the street and had no idea it was her! She went from tall and thin and bubbly to short and fat and bizarre looking and dressing as well. Yes she too had all the bloating you see here.

Not listening to my warning that the cancer she developed on her ear would spread if she did not get off the antidepressants causing it that it would spread, she died a few years later of breast cancer produced by her antidepressants.

Appearance will tell you what is going on in the body! Pay attention to these changes in looks because they will tell you a lot.

This reminds me of another friend who went to a raw food diet and I saw her six months later. So shocked I was by her appearance that I asked, “Helen, how old are you?!”

She said, “I am 52.”

I then asked why she only appeared to be only 35! Of course I knew it was because her body had so little output involved in order to metabolize raw foods to obtain her nutrients as opposed to cooked and processed foods. The raw foods still have the enzymes necessary for metabolism intact. She was conserving energy previously used up in metabolism and thereby reducing the advancing of her aging process.

Have I personally made the change in my own life? No. I regret having to admit that because I know better. I have been at about 70% raw for some time, but have not been able to focus on it enough yet (too many of these antidepressant tragedies to deal with) to make the complete change. I am working on it though.

WARNING: In sharing this information about adverse reactions to antidepressants I always recommend that you also give reference to my CD on safe withdrawal, Help! I Can’t Get Off My Antidepressant!, so that we do not have more people dropping off these drugs too quickly – a move which I have long warned can be even more dangerous than staying on the drugs! The FDA warns that any abrupt change in dose of an antidepressant can produce suicide, hostility or psychosis. And these reactions can come on very rapidly! Find the CD here: http://store.drugawareness.org/

Ann Blake Tracy, Executive Director,
International Coalition for Drug Awareness
www.drugawareness.org & http://ssristories.drugawareness.org
Author: ”Prozac: Panacea or Pandora? – Our Serotonin Nightmare – The Complete Truth of the Full Impact of Antidepressants Upon Us & Our World” & Withdrawal CD “Help! I Can’t Get Off My Antidepressant!”

Original story: http://www.ksl.com/?nid=148&sid=26729107&title=woman-involved-in-draper-shooting-brings-attention-to-rare-blood-disorder&fm=home_page&s_cid=featured-2

Effects of Paxil on Behaviour

“One day Paxil will have to be banned or withdrawn from sale.”

Dear ICFDA reader,

Here it is:

I was prescribed Paxil, (known in Australia as ‘Aropax’), by a doctor who suggested I start using it at 20 mg and increase to 40 after a month then to 60. This was so that I could be weaned off Xanax. I was also taking painkillers for back pain. The doctor stated that it was a drug that very few people liked because of the side effects. 3 weeks after beginning the Paxil regime I went to another state where I was not under any medical supervision. Before I left though I was already exhibiting what one could term ‘uninhibited’ behaviour. For example, I had been sold a guitar about a year earlier that was a dud and about a week after starting Paxil I decided to go and complain to the shop keeper. When I walked in I looked around and saw that there was virtually no one in the shop so I walked up to the guitar rack and picked up a $2500 dollar guitar and walked out again. This was an unusual action for me.

Whilst away from my home state I began chronically shop-lifting as though it was some kind of exciting new challenge and when I returned, now armed with a bottle of morphine, I moved in with a houseful of punks and started trafficking in and smoking marijuana. I informed my doctor during a moment of clarity that I thought I might be a kleptomaniac but he disagreed and informed me that I’d get caught. I don’t think he’d read the patient information leaflet which states that any uncontrolled/uninhibited behaviour is a side effect which should signal the doctor advising immediate steps toward discontinuing use of the drug.

The shop-lifting reached epic proportions where I could not leave the house without returning with at least a minimum of $1000 worth of items per day. I kept a list and had an aim of reaching the target of $1000000 worth of stolen goods. I invited street kids to come into my home, initiated a relationship with a prostitute, offended all of my friends and family in a manner that in my not-really-lily-white-past had ever been managed and had the police through the house about once a month for a year or so. Eventually, I was charged with stealing and drug possession and convicted. This downward spiral presented itself to my mind as a challenging game to be survived.

I just stopped taking Paxil one day about 2 years later and withdrew also from painkillers so I don’t recall any specific side effects of the Paxil withdrawal. It took a lot of prayers to and help from God to get off all drugs.

In retrospect, I can only assume that these SRI drugs have side effects which effect each individual user differently. Side effect patterns seem to vary so much from user to user that it suggests the drug emphasizes psychotic behaviour. The problem is that when on Paxil the patient is oblivious to some or all of these side effects. This would explain why children, who are less aware of the functioning of their own minds, are likely to commit suicide whilst on them. They don’t understand that the drug is interfering with the mechanism of their identity that is self preserving and in an uninhibited moment happily succumb to the depressed desire to die. If they’re thinking self destructively and they’re on a drug which makes them feel comfortably uninhibited there is this danger. It’s logical that one day Paxil will have to be banned or withdrawn from sale.


4/29/2001 – Infants at [greater] risk from hospital drug errors

“In a study published this week in the Journal of the American Medical
Association, U.S. researchers found that potentially harmful medication
errors are three times more likely to occur among hospitalized children than
in adults.”


April 28, 2001

Infants at risk from hospital drug errors
Study of medication use

Sharon Kirkey, National Post
Peter J. Thompson, National Post

David U, president of the Institute for Safe Medication Practices, Canada,
says most mistakes in medication stem from “system error.”

Cathy Landry hovered over her son’s hospital bed, trying to comfort him as he
recovered from minor foot surgery. She picked him up, held him, put him down
again. “Please fall asleep,” she whispered to her second-born. “Mommy’s

Hours later, brights lights and commotion roused Mrs. Landry from the
mattress on the floor where she had been sleeping next to the 11-month-old’s
bed. “Is he OK?” she asked the nurses leaning over her baby’s bed. No one

Trevor Landry was dead.

Sometime the evening before, a nurse at the hospital in Brampton, had
mistakenly injected Trevor with two five-milligram shots of morphine. His
doctor had prescribed Demerol. The morphine shut the boy’s respiratory system
down. He died of cardiac arrest. Jurors at his three-week inquest ruled
Trevor’s death a homicide.

Every year in Canada, an estimated 500 to 700 people die from medication
errors while in hospital.

No one knows how many of those deaths – or how many near misses — occur in
children. But a new study suggests it happens more often than people had

In a study published this week in the Journal of the American Medical
Association, U.S. researchers found that potentially harmful medication
errors are three times more likely to occur among hospitalized children than
in adults.

The researchers detected 616 medication mistakes out of 10,778 orders written
over a six-week period at two large teaching hospitals — Children’s Hospital
Boston and Massachusetts General Hospital for Children.

The overall error rate of 5.7% was similar to what has been found in studies
of adults, but the number of errors that had the potential to harm was three
times higher, and they most often occurred in the youngest, most vulnerable
patients — newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit.

“These potential adverse drug events are best thought of as near misses or
close calls,” says the study’s lead author, Rainu Kaushal, an internist and
pediatrician at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. “Either the system
intercepts them before they reach the patient, or we’re just fortunate the
patient doesn’t suffer any [harm] to them.”

While the study involved American hospitals, there is no reason to believe
the findings would be any different had the hospitals been in Canada, experts

“We don’t have any reason to believe we’re any safer,” says David U,
president of the Institute for Safe Medication Practices, Canada, an
independent group that is pushing for a national reporting system for
medication errors.

The Boston researchers believe nine out of 10 medication errors could be
prevented with simple reforms, such as computerized ordering systems that not
only eliminate one of the leading causes of mistakes — a doctor’s often
indecipherable handwritten scrawl — but alert doctors if, for example, the
dose being prescribed is too high or too low based on the child’s weight, or
if there is a risk the drug will interact dangerously with another medication
the child is taking.

The report is the latest to highlight a problem critics say has been kept
hidden too long. Two years ago, a landmark report by the U.S. Institute of
Medicine put the human toll of medical mistakes in hospitals at 98,000 deaths
a year. Extrapolated to Canada, that means about 10,000 people a year may die
as a result of care provided to them in a hospital.

But for years the attitude has been, “hide it, suppress it, don’t tell
anybody,” says Dr. John Millar, vice-president of research and population
health at the Canadian Institute for Health Information in Ottawa. That
culture was driven by fear of lawsuits and a closed profession, Dr. Millar
says, in which “doctor knows best and the doctors will review [mistakes]
themselves and take whatever necessary action to fix it.”

While the culture is changing — “fast,” Dr. Millar says — the result is
that no one can say with any certainty just how often medication errors occur.

And children, especially critically ill children, are the most vulnerable.

Children do not have the same internal reserves an adult does to absorb the
impact of a medication error. Take a premature baby in the neonatal intensive
care unit, Dr. Kaushal says. “Their kidneys and livers aren’t as well
developed, so if there’s even a small overdose, they can’t deal with it in
the same way” as a healthy baby. And babies can’t communicate. “So if a small
child has a side effect, for example, they’re itching [because] of a drug,
they can’t tell us.”

If Dr. Kaushal sees an adult with an ear infection, she prescribes 500
milligrams of a penicillin drug. “When I see a child, I have to take their
weight in pounds, convert it to kilograms, calculate a milligram per kilogram
dose for 24 hours, divide that by the frequency, and then I have the dose.”

Pharmacists have to dilute stock solutions or divide pills. The same drug can
be available in three different concentrations. Something as simple as poor
lighting can lead to labels being misread.

Potentially lethal mistakes are often discovered before the drug can be
given, but not always. Last week, a nine-month-old girl died in a Washington
children’s hospital because of a misplaced decimal point. Instead of
receiving two 0.5 milligram doses of morphine, the child was given two doses
of 5 milligrams each, or 10 times what the doctor had intended. According to
newspaper reports, the doctor had failed to follow hospital procedures
requiring him to put a zero before the decimal point.

In the study published this week, 18 of the mistakes that were detected
before the drug was administered were potentially life-threatening.

The researchers studied medication order sheets, drug administration records
and patient charts from 1,120 children admitted to the two hospitals during a
six-week period in April and May of 1999. They found 115 potential adverse
drug events (or “near misses”), and 26 adverse drug events. None of them was

In many cases, errors were minor, such as a doctor’s failure to date a
prescription. But the most serious errors, such as prescribing the wrong
dose, occurred most often in the neonatal intensive care unit, where a baby’s
weight changes rapidly, making appropriate dosing particularly difficult, the
authors said. In addition, many of the drugs used in the ICU are not supplied
in dosages suitable for newborns and have to be diluted.

While the “near misses” accounted for only 1.1% of all errors detected, the
researchers say it was still three times higher than among adults. Most
involved incorrect doses. Others involved not specifying how a drug should be
administered, or a patient with an allergy to a drug, for example,
penicillin, being prescribed a penicillin-based medication.

The researcher said 93% of the errors could have been prevented with
computerized order entry systems and having pharmacists work full-time on
hospital wards. “The idea is to take pharmacists out of the pharmacy and
place them on wards so that they’re involved in rounds, they are involved in
decisions when they’re being made about what medicine to use and what dose
and what route” to give the drug, Dr. Kaushal said.

Some hospitals in Canada, including the Hospital for Sick Children in
Toronto, now use computer order entry systems and pharmacists on many units.
Still, it is estimated that fewer than 5% of hospitals in Canada do so.

Dr. Kaushal says he does not want parents to be alarmed. “These were two of
the finest pediatric hospitals in the country,” she said of the hospitals in
her study. But there are things parents can do, she said, to reduce the risk
of their children suffering a medication error while in hospital.

“Know why your child is on the medicines they’re on. Be a strong advocate for
your child. If you notice that one day your child is given a specific
medication twice and the next day they’re given that medication four times,
ask someone why that’s happening.

“If you think your child is having a side effect to a medicine, tell someone.
Often a parent is the first one who can pick up on something like that. If
your child seems to be a little itchy or seems to be irritable after getting
a medicine, let somebody know.”

David U, of the Institute for Safe Medication Practices, says in most cases
medication errors result from a “system error,” not any one individual’s
mistake. But he said hospitals need to take their cue from the airline
industry and encourage people to report when an error has been made without
fear of being punished and challenge authority when they see potential
mistakes occurring.

“In the airline industry, the pilot used to call the shots on everything. Now
the co-pilot or first officer has the right to stop the plane from flying or
landing if they find one of the conditions is not right. It should be the
same thing for health care, and it is starting to change.”

While hospitals have their own system for tracking and recording errors, “by
and large the reporting is done for statistical purposes,” he says. And the
information isn’t usually shared with other hospitals, “so next week you can
have a hospital one mile away have the same event happen.

“We need to set up a voluntary reporting system so that people can let us
know what’s happening out there, we can analyze the information, send it back
to the hospitals and learn from it so we can prevent these problems from

Not a day, “not a second,” goes by that Cathy Landry and her husband,
Michael, do not think of Trevor, who would have started junior kindergarten
in September.

“I’m trying to say, ‘to err is human.’ But it’s very frustrating. It’s
maddening. It’s hurtful to know it happens every day to so many children,”
Mrs. Landry says.

Although her baby’s death in a Brampton hospital in June, 1998, was declared
a homicide, the verdict did not imply blame or intent on the part of the
nurse. According to reports, stress and fatigue may have played a role. The
inquest heard that at one stage two nurses were caring for 18 children on the

Trevor had been admitted for elective surgery to correct his club feet. “It
was routine surgery. We were supposed to be in and out,” his mother said. The
night before he died, she remembers how her normally verbal, active baby
wasn’t himself. “He was very quiet, kind of fussing.” When the nurses woke
her up and she looked down at her son, he was blue. “He looked choked. He was
on his back. It was awful.” The doctors and nurses spent 30 minutes trying to
get Trevor’s heart beating again.

“Every day we mention his name. Every day we talk about him. Everything
reminds me of him; everything connects with him,” Mrs. Landry says.

She believes every hospital should have to make public its rate of medication
errors. “I should be able to look at two or three hospitals’ records,” she

“That should be handed to me: ‘Here, you decide.’ “